Mountain Rinjani Trek Adventure overview.
Search the natural beauty, enjoy the challenge and discover the unique thrill and adventure tourism experiences that you have not felt at the “Mount Rinjani National Park”. Famed for its great beauty and eerie isolation – surely one of the most magnificent volcanoes of the Indonesian archipelago – Mount Rinjani towers over every corner of the Lombok, the first in Indonesia’s exotic southeastern island chain.
With its fertile alluvial plains, evergreen rain forests and picturesque, finely crafted rice terraces sloping down to the sea, this non-commercialized island lies just east,
This trough marks the legendary Wallace Line, the literal divide between Asia and Australia, the storied faunal realm of Wallacea.
The whole island of Lombok is dominated by the monolithic, reticular-ringed Rinjani which rises in solitary glory 3,726 meters above sea level(12,224 ft), the second highest volcanic peak of Indonesia’s celebrated “ring of fire”, making it the third-largest volcano in Indonesia. The first historical eruption occurred in September of 1847. The volcano, and its sacred, and spectacular Segaraanak crater lake, are protected by a national park established in 1997. The 6 km by 8.5 km oval-shaped caldera is filled partially by a lake known as Segara Anak. The eruptions of 1994, 1995, and 1996 have formed a small cone in the center of the caldera and lava flows from these eruptions have entered the lake.
The sacred mountain is a major pilgrimage destination for thousands of Hindu Balinese and the native Muslim Sasaks, the island’s two main ethnic groups who offer up rice, fish and betel nut to the deities of the lake and mountain twice a year. Imbued with curative powers, the hot springs below the crater rim are believed to be able to regenerate body and soul.
|Sub region Name||Lesser Sunda Islands (Indonesia)|
|Last Known Eruption||2010|
|Summit Elevation||3726 m 12,224 feet|
|Lat/Lon||8.41667°S / 116.46667°E|
Out of a pool of 100 applicants from 40 countries, the grueling but awarding climb up the steep forest-clad slopes of Rinjani won the prestigious 2004 World Legacy Award several years ago for a tourism destination that best demonstrates effective protection and sustainability of its natural and cultural environment.
Villagers have more than just a passing interest in keeping the mountain pristine. Their economic future depends on it. Virtually the whole 400-square-kilometer montane complex that stretches 65 kilometers across the north of the island was declared a national park in 1997.
The ascent is steep and arduous, but the award is solitude and overwhelming beauty. The destination for most climbers is not the soaring summit, but the spectacular blue-green SegaraAnak (Child of the Sea) one kilometer below the rim, a crescent-shaped lake lying like an emerald jewel in a massive wasteland of volcanic debris.
The classic trek is two nights and three days from Senaru in the north to the rim, then a descent down to the crater lake. More adventurous trekkers aim for the summit – the highest and steepest point on the edge of the caldera – which affords amazing views of the Indian Ocean.
Inside the massive 10-kilometer-wide crater is an otherworldly habitat of rare waterfowl, boiling hot springs, cascading falls, towering walls, dramatic gorges, steep slopes covered in scrub and dense forests, and the small perfect cone of Gunung Baru (New Mountain). At this elevation, without the competition of electric lights, the moon is bright as a wafer of ice and the stars brilliant and countless.
The Rinjani climb is without doubt one of the most awe-inspiring adventure trek experiences in the whole of Indonesia and among the best walks in all of Southeast Asia.
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TRAVEL, LEISURE & ADVENTURE MANAGEMENT
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